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Zhenyu ("Zhenyu" <lizhenyu_god@...>) on April 27, 2010

U STI-KOREKTI e PLU INDIKA: =A1=B0Nona could be shortened as “non” which is= for “no(n)”.=A1=B1 lost “not”. It ought to be: Nona could NOT be shortened= as “non”, because which is already for “no(n)”.

*-mo: Remained. Sedi-mo= =3DChair (Sedi mon=3D first sitting)

set(seti),sep(septi)=3Dseven / n= um-sep=3Dseventh

he kanta=3D sing! “he” similar to “-ez” of Mondlango. = Comparing: Tom kanta.=3DTom sings; Tom he kanta!=3DTom, sing! “HE” sounds l= ike “Hey!” “Tom he kanta” could be understood as “Tom,Hey!Sing!”

— In=, “Zhenyu” <lizhenyu_god@…> wrote:

I have c= oncluded all the ideas to make Glosa even more precise as below. Maybe I ca= n call it “Munda-glosa” or “Exakti-Glosa”.

-gi,gi-=3D(-fe,fe-):auxi-= gi=3Dfemale helper, auxi fe=3Dhelp her; gi-bovi=3Dfemale ox(cow), bovi-gi= =3Dcow girl; Fe auxi an=3Dshe helps him. {“gi” derives from “GIna”=3Dwoman}=

-ro,ro-=3D(-an,an-):auxi-ro=3Dmale helper, auxi an=3Dhelp him; ro-bov= i=3Dmale ox(bull), bovi-ro=3Dcow boy; An auxi fe=3Dhe helps her.{“ro” der= ives from “andRO”=3Dman}

-pe remains the original usage: auxi-pe=3Dhel= per pu=3D(pe): auxi pu=3Dhelp people; pu dice=3Dpeople say {“pu” derives = from “poPUla”=3Dpeople, population}

Hereby, we can distinguish gi, ro,= pe from fe, an, pu quite easily and clearly by ear. *I ever considered a= bout the place of “-ro e -gi”, if I put them at back as “bovi-gi=3Dfemale o= x, cow”, then I have to use “bovi-homi-gi” to express “cow woman”, this wil= l get longer and more words for it. So I still think “gi-bovi=3Dfemale ox(c= ow), bovi-gi=3Dcow girl” is better e shorter! We can go on discussing on t= his!

From those on:

-ri=3D(-ma) meaning matter and material. Beca= use the “ma” meaning “more” has been defined. “ri” derives from “mateRIa”. = Exp: bio-ri=3D(bio-ma) living thing, bibe-ri=3D(bibe-ma) drink(s)

-t= i=3D(-te) meaning textile and cloth. Because the same “te” also shortened f= or “tende”, defined. “ri” derives from “texTIli”. Exp: pedi-ti=3D(pedi-te) = socks, tabla-ti=3D(tabla-te) table cloth

-ca=3D(-ka) meaning a room.= Because the same “ka” also shortened for “kausa”, defined. “ca” derives fr= om “CAmbra(=3Dkamera)” which isn’t in the GID but I, for this, strongly a= dvise to add it in. Exp: kuko-ca=3D(kuko-ka) kitchen, kli-ca=3D(kli-ka) Bed= room. (* I ever thought about “-lu (derives from voLUmi)” which also means = “room” among all its meanings, but the “room” here means “space”, I don’t k= now whether -lu could be OK) “-ca” now is decided to use by me!

replaces u(n) “un” meaning “a” of English
ad: replaces a(d) E= xp: ad mi =3D a mi (very similar to AMI by eari); ad na =3D a na (very simi= lar to ANA by ear); ad vi =3D a vi (very similar to AVI by ear); kon: re= places ko(n) kon mi, kon an; kon-face, kon-ergo non: replaces no(n) = non-beli, non-ami I suggest use “ne” replacing “no”. Exp: Qe fe es be= li? Ne, fe ne es beli. Ja alo ne? Or, we can especially use “NO” like “JA”= which is only for answers. Exp: Qe fe es beli? No, fe es non-beli. Try to= feel: No, beli!(No, beautiful!) and Non-beli(Ugly!). The old forms are sim= ilar to each other. Exp: No, beli and No-beli. le: means “the” un-l= e feli=3D le feli(the cat), un-la feli(that cat), tri-le feli or le tri fel= i=3D the three cats, tri-la feli=3D those three cats.(“la tri feili” doesn’= t mean “those 3 cats”, but “there three cats”. so I insist on “tri-le” not = “le tri” for regularity.) U, A, KO, NO could be short forms, if you still= like to use them as the original way of Glosa.

*-mo: Remained. Sedi-= mo=3DChair (Sedi mon=3D first sitting)

mon(mono)=3D one / num-mon= =3Dfirst (literaly derives “number one”); nume(ra) mon=3Dnumber one. bi= =3Dtwo / num-bi=3D second tri=3Dthree / num-tri=3Dthird tet(tetra)= =3Dfour / num-tet=3Dfourth pen(penta)=3Dfive / num-pen=3Dfifth six(si= xa)=3Dsix / num-six=3Dsixth *set(seti),sep(septi)=3Dseven / num-sep=3D= seventh ok(okto)=3Deight / num-ok=3Deighth *nev,nona / num-nev or nu= m-nona=3Dninth the use of NEV is for it’s short. Nona could be shortened= as “non” which is for “no(n)”. mon-ze,dek(deka)=3Dten / num-mon-ze or n= um-dek=3Dtenth bi-ze=3Dtwenty / num-bi-ze=3Dtwentieth mon-ze-ze,hekto= =3Dhundred, / num-mon-ze-ze,num-hekto=3Dhundredth mon-ze-bi=3D101 / num-m= on-ze-bi=3D101th Qo-num=3D Qo nume/numera (How many) Qo-num is much= shorter than the old. Prefer using the former numerals for they are shor= t. “num” is a new way to form the ordinals. Also we can still use the orig= inal forms. Exp: le bibli mon(the book one)=3Dle num-mon bibli (the first b= ook); le impresi mon de bi =3D le num-bi num-mon bibli (the second first im= pression); le bi impresi mon=3D le bi num-mon impresi(the two first impress= ions)

In order to make the grammar clearer, every noun had better = follow “un”, “le”, number, or quantity words. (If the word as a noun is obv= ious, the “UN” before it may be dropped. ) Exp: un kanta=3D a song, =

tri kanta=3Dthree songs, mi un/plu kanta=3Dmy song(s), mi tri kan= ta=3Dmy three songs, pan kanta=3Dall songs poli kanta=3Dmany songs

= mi kanta=3D I sing mi kanta-ra=3Dmy singing “ra” similar to “-ec= -“ of Monlango and “-ing” of English.

kanta=3Dto sing and singing. =

he kanta=3D sing! “he” similar to “-ez” of Mondlango. Comparing: Tom= kanta.=3DTom sings; Tom he kanta!=3DTom, sing!

“i”: deriving from “i= so”, indicating the two words between “i” are appositives. Exp: Mi i robo= ta=3D I, robot Comparing to the original: Mi, robota Mi (un) rob= ota=3D my robot Comparing to the original: Mi robota “o”: indicating t= he word after “o” is vocative. Exp: Mi amo tu, o papa!=3D I like you, (Oh= ) dad! Comparing to the original: Mi amo tu, papa! Mi amo tu (un) p= apa.=3D I like your dad. Comparing to the original: Mi amo tu pap= a.

”-“ could be elided. Exp: Bovi gi=3DCow girl, Gi bovi=3DCow. = Mon ze tri/ hekto tri=3D103

Above all, any original form of Glosa cou= ld be accepted in Munda-glosa! Munda-glosa can solve any problem with its n= ew forms !

What do you think? Saluta! Li Zhenyu

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Re: Munda-Glosa (U STI-KOREKTI e PLU INDIKA) - Committee on language planning, FIAS. Coordination: Vergara & Hardy, PhDs.