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# Re: [glosalist] Sound "U" in Glosa

At 09:50 PM 7/13/05, you wrote:

Except of flame, the only significicant th= ought in that esperanto-thread is that Llu=EDs offers to create an altern= ative Glosa-branch ‘cause of the neat idea of the language and its strang= e realization. The words “strange realization” almost concern the English= -like grammar of Glosa. *** Nothing strange about Glosa’s English-like gram= mar. Ron Clark with an encyclopedic knowledge of language decided tha= t the home team won on points, when it came to logical syntax. So, Glosa = does not have English as its main guide to grammar … because the authors= are English. Glosa was designed to be a language with minimal grammatica= l morphology: it followed the minimal inflections of English to end up wit= h virtually NO inflections; thus it can be seen as having a structure, whi= ch is a streamlined, standardised version of that of English. The cl= ausal/phrasal structure of English is considered to be both simple and log= ical; also, English has a reasonably well formed syntactic foundation. Th= e odd thing is that this syntax is not codified as pure syntax; instead; t= he word order of English is described in the complex terminology of gramma= r.

  Ron Clark hated grammatical complexity so much that he created a =


language with no noticeable morphological grammar; and, worse than that, h= e refused to write a grammar book for Glosa claiming that a person with a= verage intelligence will intuit its fundamental syntax.

  Sadly, most = adults have lost their childhood flexibility, and need to  be told the "rul= es" of a new language, while, of course, they were NEVER  told the rules of=  the language they learnt at mother's knee.  Ron made a  big mistake in ass= uming that people retained the creativity they had when  toddlers.

I = did, belatedly, acknowledge that a Glosa Grammar must be written,  so, I cr= eated one 'after the fact.'  I looked at written Glosa, deduced the  syntac= tical relationships, and recorded them.  A Glosa Grammar does exist  somewh= ere in the Internet.
Ron said that "A word is modified by its preceden= t," and he thought  that such wisdom would flow to everyone's understanding=  of how his language  worked.  Basically, within a phrase, the less signifi= cant words are at the  start, the modifiers (etc) are added in logical orde= r, and then the phrase  ends with its most significant word.  The phrase bu= ilds up, with each new  word adding to the meaning, progressively.
Tec= hnically, Linguists describe this as "head final" structure.  It  works bot= h for NOUN PHRASES and VERB PHRASES in Glosa.  The catch: in  Glosa, a word=  represents a concept, and, within reason, a word can be used  as any 'part=  of speech.'  So, for descriptive purposes, in Glosa, a word -  according t= o its position in the sentence - can be a 'noun' =3D a word  functioning as=  a noun, or a 'verb' =3D a word functioning as a verb.  The  word "modifier= " covers adjectives and adverbs, with modifiers in NOUN  PHRASES doing what=  adjectives do in English, and those in VERB PHRASES  doing what English-la= nguage adverbs do.    ~ridi~ =3D 'laugh'   to laugh - ridi ;  do laugh - ak= ti ridi ; he laughed  - an pa ridi ;
give a laug= h - don u ridi ;  the laughing man -  u ridi andro ;
=
she told it laughingly - fe ridi dice id

Also in the Net there a= re Seminar #1 and Seminar #2, giving more  detail on this.

Logically,=  if a language has "Syntax-based Grammar," then a set of  guides to good sy= ntax (not to good grammar) should be available to  learners.  I did produce=  a set of non-verbal symbols to reduce language to  a somewhat algebraic fo= rmula --- to analyse the syntax without getting  caught up with the words -= -- but this concept was not in the ordinary  Grammar Books, so it was compl= etely ignored.  Anyone with a strange mind  can find it on the Net as GAS (= Gaskell Analysed Syntax).


Suprisingly, during last several days at http:= //www.e-novosti.info/forumo (it’s the russian forum about Esperanto) they = debate on Glosa’s grammar defects. *** It is a shame I don’t read Russian: = this would be interesting.

This is my question: is Glosa an open p= roject and is it possible to modify it’s grammar if there will be concrete= suggestions? *** Basically NO! However, Ron Clark died with his gift to = the world still a work in progress. When you push something to an ex= treme, Glosa is possibly the only “civilised” language completely without = inflections, then its a bit hard to compromise and have just a little bit = of inflection. On the other hand, Glosa could be augmented with one o= r two more categories of affixes, which modify the MEANING of a word [not = alter its grammar]. At present we have the two-letter affixes, which chan= ge the category of a word; there probably is ample space for a list of fou= r-letter affixes to modify meaning at a higher level. EG pani =3D bread = pani-bo - baker’s shop (bread shop) pani-bo-pe - baker = (bread shop person)

  Meanwhile a person can tinker with Glosa and re-= make it in his own  image, but I suspect that Ron is a hard act to follow. =  Presently Glosa  does not appear to be going anywhere, and the idea of fin= ding a language  that is easy for the vast majority of mankind to speak see= ms an altruistic  one, which is quite off the radar of Economic Rationalism= .  On a scale of  one to a hundred, of problems in urgent need of solution,=  Glosa, and the  whole International Auxilliary Language story, rates about=  a one, while  Depleted Uranium scores a ninety-nine.  When, or if, peace e= ver descends on  the land, it will be time for me to dust off the Glosa boo= ks, and resume  where I left off.

In pure linguistic theory, however,=  there are still a few things to say:

In its strict form, Glosa appea= rs to be an ideal Meta-language; its  syntax and 'no-nonsense' grammar make=  it very suitable for communication  with intelligent machines.

There=  is the continuing niggle about the possibility of there being a  "Universa= l Grammar". Chomsky's writing is so dense that a UG might be in his books; = but, reading  through his impenetrable prose to find it is virtually imposs= ible.  I have  learnt from Chomsky, and have dedicated myself to writing ve= ry clear prose,  so that if there is a glimmer of truth within my writing, = then it will be  accessible to those who try to find it.
The UG will b= e found when we come to terms with the syntactical  elements of language: I=  believe that, of all of the Planned Languages,  Glosa is the one that come= s closest to revealing the nature of a Universal  Grammar -- if one exists.=

And even more heretically, I imagine that there really is a "languag= e  of thought."  It might be close to the concept of a UG; it could be a  p= icture language; or it might even be an articulation of concepts.  Come to =


think about it, Glosa is concept-based. Hmm!

  In a stand up fight, = however, everyone know Esperanto wins: it's got  the books, the academy, an= d the armies of speakers.  And it's got the  organisation.  Glosa has none = of this: no contest!

There are just one or two matters.  Some people=  simply can't stand  all of Esperanto's inflected endings.  For those who l= ove its old-world  feel, and have the capacity to juggle the possibly multi= ple affixes,  Esperanto is fantastic.  Something at the other end of the li= nguistic  spectrum, might, on the other hand, suit the mental gearing of a = larger  fraction of the world's people.  We may never know.


PS The Glosa = community isn’t sufficiently open. At least publish any information about = it at http://www.UniLang.org http://www.unilang.org! *** I became inactiv= e linguistically before UniLang developed. This explains my not knowing a= bout it until now. I am training for my retirement job; when this is all = sorted out, I’ll have time to spare to tell the world about Glosa via UniL= ang. Thanks for this idea.

PPS The link to the Glosa-thread (for russi= an-speakers only) http://www.e-novosti.info/forumo/viewtopic.php?t=3D1885&= postdays=3D0&postorder=3Dasc&start=3D0

<http://www.e-novosti.info/forum= o/viewtopic.php?t=3D1885&postdays=3D0&postorder=3Dasc&start=3D0> *** Also a= nice idea. I did have an idea once for teaching Glosa using Glosa! = this would be quite a challenge, but highly possible. This has overtones = similar to those of the “immersion teaching” of a foreign language. But..= . there is no Glosalandia, so I’ll have to improvise.

//pardon me engles= e mans// *** Certainly.

Saluta,

Dear All plus a few Glosa-pe, I do not want to appear r= ude, but I don’t actually read Esperanto.

While Glosa is now ver= y much a minority language, and there is very little written in Glosa on= this list, I would suggest that items might be in either Glosa or Engli= sh, or both.

If a Glosa-pe wishes to use his, or her, planned la= nguage skills, I might hope that they did so using Glosa.

Whi= le Esperanto speakers are very welcome on this list, and perhaps might l= earn something of the Glosa philosophy while here, it would be nice if i= tems in Esperanto were accompanied by a translation into either English = or Glosa.

For some Esperanto visitors, this will not be possible= , I know. However I suggest that the Esperanto only items might not be = read by the Glosa-pe.

Glosa: Pro vario de plu Esperanto-dice vis= ita-pe, mi ski ke u-ci akti ne es posi. Anti-co, mi sugere ke plu itema= ; uti solo Esperanto, sio posi ne gene lekto per plu Glosa-pe.

Sa= luta,