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Daniel MACOUIN ("Daniel MACOUIN" <lenadi_moucina@...>) on November 5, 2007
Glosa stay in coma and nobody on this forum. Glosa can not have the ne= cessary minimal changes to maintain it alive. So, I use the freedom keeped= by this vacuum for explore any ways and now explain a reformed Glosa. I = cannot use, naturelly, the private name of Glosa, and I choice Pan-glosa (= Interglosa> Glosa > Pan-glosa) for this “glosa++”, where all is concept-wor= d.
In Glosa, a word can be noun, verb, adverb or adjective. “Sampai”, in i= ndonesian language (+150 000 000 speakers) may used as verb or preposition = or adverb (“to reach” or “until”). Many prepositions (di, dari, ke …) m= ay be used in this tongue, without verbs, to say that need verb and prepos= itions in english or roman languages. If it is possible in the austronesian= languages, it is possible to extend the concept of concept-word at all the= vocables, except a very limited list of markers.
********= ********** GRAMMAR OF PAN-GLOSA
The sentence order is allwa= ys SVO subject>verb>complement [glosa’s rule] In a clause, a word modifies = the following one. The last word of the clause is the verb or the noun.[glo= sa’s rule]
Limited list of special words of Pan-glosa, that are not gener= al concepts: 1- Personnal Pronouns : MI TI ON NI VU MU SE. Note the change= s the glosa’s NA and VI to NI and VU, and the unique third singular person.=
2- Relative pronoun QI [glosa’s rule] 3- Articles U (singular) and LU (plu= ral) [glosa’s rule] [Lu is the new form of PLU, that becomes an abbreviatio= n of PLURI] 4- Interrogative markers QE and QO [glosa’s rule] 5- Conjunctio= ns E and ALO [glosa’s rule] 6- the special discursive markers : CO [glosa’s= rule] and the new CE (=3D what I will said now) [Pan-glosa’s rule] IT’S A= LL! only 16 words. [ 7- and the operators in mathematical algorythmes : PL= US EQI MULTA SU POTA … and so on. ] [glosa’s rule for a part and pan-glos= a’rule: note the diferences MULTI/MULTA, EQI/EQA …]
Important rules : a=
- all the normal words may be link with an article or a personnal pronoun f= or explain a gender (an-on, fe-tu, bio-on, bio-lu, ru-lu …) in the choic= e of the speaker or writer. [Pan-glosa’s rule] b- Using -CO or -CE as suffi= x, and any word become a preposition, which mark the end of a verbal or nom= inal clause and/or the beginning of a nominal clause.. [Pan-glosa’s rule] c=
- Cardinal numbers need to be suffixed with -LU (exept MONO-U) . [Pan-glosa= ‘s rule] d- Propers nouns and pronouns cannot be use as concept-word (never=
adjective, never verb, never adverb, never preposition). They can only be = used as subject or object.. [Pan-glosa’s rule] e- E and ALO are used for li= nk to words. For link two clauses or phrases, . [Pan-glosa’s rule] it is re= commended, but not allways compulsory, the help of the suffixes -CO and -C= E (e-co, alo-ce…)
Vocabulary changes: i- Use KAU in place of KA (ambigui= ty with -KA (the suffixal form of KAMERA)) ii- Extend the meaning of PRO a= nd use it in place of TE (ambiguity with -TE (suffixal form of TEXTILI) iii=
- GE is the marker of the clause beginning with status verbs (=3Dadjectives= ) . [Pan-glosa’s rule] iv- GO is the marker of the clause beginning with ac= tive verbs (transitive) . [Pan-glosa’s rule] v- the personnal pronouns may = not be used as possessive: use MIA TUA ONA NIA VUA MUA , whiches are normal= concept-words and may be used as noun, verb, preposition, adverb, adjectiv= es… . [Pan-glosa’s rule] vi- for proper nouns, use a compound e.g : PETER= -ONA DOMO (Peter’s house) ****************= ** Naturelly, I am afraid myself, by the hight freedom of the syntax. Pan-g= losa need now any texts to prove its congruence.
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